Mallorca History

Article on Mallorca history

A Brief History of Mallorca (Majorca)

Mallorca History (Majorca): The first habitation on Mallorca was in around 5000 BC and the first real culture was the Talaiotic which created settlements at places like Artà and Capocorb Vell in around 1000 BC.

The Romans arrived in 123 BC, they conquered the island and named it Balearis Major, their capital was established at Pollentia (Alcúdia). After the fall of the Roman Empire in the west during the 5th century AD, the Vandals invaded, and they were in turn replaced by the Byzantines, and Mallorca was included in the province of Sardinia.

In around 902 AD the Moors invaded and this was the beginning of over 300 years of Arab rule during which time Mallorca became part of the Caliphate of Córdoba. The Moors introduced their advanced irrigation techniques which allowed for the cultivation of many new crops including oranges and almonds.

In 1229 Mallorca was re-conquered for the Christians by forces under Jaime I of Aragon, his son (Jaime II) later became the first King of Mallorca.

The first tourism to Mallorca started in the early 20th century but this modern industry did not really take off in a big way until the 1960's when the Son Sant Joan Airport opened, by 1966 Mallorca was attracting over 1 million visitors annualy.

Majorca Golf: Golf Santa Ponsa - Son Vida Golf - Spanish Golf Courses

Mallorca Attractions: Puig de Randa - Sa Calobra - Cabrera Island - Capocorb Vell

Mallorca Places: Alcudia - Andratx - Arta - Cala Bona - Cala Dor - Cala Millor - Cala Mondrago - Cala Ratjada - Cala San Vicente - Calas de Mallorca - Calvia - Can Pastilla - Can Picafort - Capdepera - Colonia Sant Jordi - Deia - El Arenal - Felanitx - Inca - Llucmajor - Manacor - Muro - Palma Nova - Petra - Pollensa - Porto Colom - Porto Cristo - Santanyi - Ses Salines - Sineu - Soller - Valldemossa

Other Links: Weather in Mallorca

Related: Balearic Islands - Menorca - Ibiza - Formentera - Spain - Builders